I don’t think anyone knows when or in which sport the first sanction for a player or some other person appeared (I couldn’t find it anywhere), but nowadays they are fairly common. You can hardly go through a day without hearing something about someone being punished for Fifa55 his actions. Of course, these punishments are almost never the same, and of course it all depends on the crime, and the sport. We have a wide variety of sanctions, so let us look at them.
One of the most controversial and problematic crimes someone can commit in sports is doping. Many sports organizations have lots of drug testing over the course of the season, but there are still many players who subdue to this act. Doping is used to enhance your abilities and strengths and give you a better chance of winning. But due to the rigorous anti-doping tests that are regularly performed, most of the frauds are spotted and punished on time (with exceptions, of course, with the process lasting as long as two years). Sanctions include the withdrawal of the title and a suspension of performing in the sports that can last for a few events up to a life time ban.
FIFA ( the international football association) particularly does not like when a certain political force influences the football in that country. This may be universal to all sports, or it should be, but I have not heard such big problems in other sports. The most recent example is Nigeria, where the government is influencing the work of the football organization there. They have been, therefore, suspended from playing any international matches and all help from FIFA has been cancelled. Sports should not be influenced, and even involved with politics, because that can never turn out good for it.
Then there are sanctions that are executed against one person. Against a single player, or a coach or whomever. These can happen for a variety of reasons, and can have very different punishments. Because of swearing or other verbal attacks on the referee, When they do not agree with the referees decision, both by players and coaches is very common. The punishment is usually not being able to participate in a couple sporting events and a money sanction, which is often given to charity. Due to the increasingly violent actions on the field, not towards the referee, but to other participants in the sports or the crowd they are more and more punished. These sanctions are not the same everywhere, for instance, Paolo Guerrero, a football player for HSV got sanctioned with five games of not playing for throwing a bottle at a fan, but Martin Taylor, a player of Birmingham broke the leg of the Brazilian born Croat Eduardo da Silva and only got a three match ban.